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Project Avalon Hero
Join Date: Sep 2008
Location: Big Island, Hawaii
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Walden Two (1948) is a novel by B.F. Skinner which described a fictional utopia in which a thousand people have obtained a good life modeled after Thoreau's experiment in living near Walden pond. In it B.F.Skinner proposed the application of psychological principles to solving human problems. In the novel he refers to this approach as 'the science of human behavior'
The book describes a visit by a small party of guests to nearly ten-year old community. As the visitors tour the community minor arguments ensue. Ultimately, some of the party finds the community appealing while some do not. Various aspects of the community design are revealed through a combination of dialogue and action.
Some of the elements of this novel which might seem controversial are that it is a community of collective ownership, a form of socialism. It encourages members to be married at a young age and have children as part of its growth policy. Children are raised collectively and family ties are minimized. Children are given a rigorous ethical training in self-control to allow them to be productive and happy. The community has a non-democrative government composed of Planners and Managers who are not elected, and who cannot be unelected. There are other story elements as well that might be seen as controversial
WaldenTwo.org is a Non-Political Action Committee (NPAC) committed to creating a world of peace, equality, sustainability, productivity, education, technology, health, happiness, and the time to enjoy it.
Imagine a world without war, hunger, poverty, or homelessness. A world without the need for competition. A world of free education and plenty of time to spend with loved ones.
The Farm, Tennessee
The Farm (Tennessee)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Stephen Gaskin at Nambassa Alternatives festival, New Zealand 1981
Ina May Gaskin at Nambassa festival, New Zealand 1981.The Farm is an intentional community in Summertown, Tennessee, based on principles of nonviolence and respect for the Earth. It was founded in 1971 by Stephen Gaskin and 320 San Francisco hippies; The Farm is well known amongst hippies and other members of similar subcultures as well as by many vegetarians. The Farm now has approximately 200 residents.
Origins The Farm was established after Gaskin and friends led a caravan of 60 buses, vans and trucks on a cross country speaking tour across the US. Along the way, they checked out various places that might be suitable for settlement before deciding on Tennessee. After buying 1,000 acres (4 km^2) for 70 dollars per acre and another adjoining 800 acres (3.2 km^2) for 100 dollars per acre, the Farm began building its village in the woods alongside the network of crude logging roads that followed its ridgelines.
From its founding through the 70's, Farm members took vows of poverty and owned no personal possessions, though this restriction loosened as time passed. During that time, Farm members did not use artificial birth control, alcohol, tobacco, man-made psychotropics or animal products. The Farm installed its own water system, but outlawed 60-cycle alternating current beyond the main house that served as its administration office and publishing center. Communications within the Farm were carried out via CB radio. Kerosene lamps and outhouses were standard for the first few years. A 12-volt trickle charge system charged used golf cart batteries in homes, which in turn powered automobile tail light bulbs hanging from the ceilings and walls, with newly-charged batteries being delivered each day. Visitors were housed in an army surplus two-story tent. Many of the buildings on the Farm were unconventional, ranging from converted school buses to yurts. A few conventional old farmhouses were home to large numbers of people sleeping several people to a room.
The Farm had its own electrical crew, compost crew, farming crew, construction crew, clinic, motor pool, laundromat, tofu plant, bakery, school and ambulance service. They also experimented in 1977 with a soy-based ice-cream substitute they called "Iced-Bean". A crew constantly manned the gate where all traffic passed and was logged. In 1974 - after helping local neighbors after a tornado - the Farm formed Plenty (later, Plenty International), its charitable works arm. Plenty's most notable projects came through its 4-year presence in the Guatemalan highlands after the earthquake of 1976. There, it established a micro-commune of volunteers and their families, living simply among Mayan populations and working under the approval of the military government.
In 1983, not only due to financial difficulties, but also a challenge to Gaskin's spiritual leadership and overall competence, the Farm changed its agreement with members to require them to support themselves with their own income rather than donate all income to the central bank. Most of its members moved off of the property around that time. At its peak, the Farm claimed somewhere between 1500 and 1700 members, living on the main community and many small "satellite" communities located in the U.S. and internationally.
Four ex-members of the Farm were instrumental in establishing and managing the Whole Earth Lectronic Link (The WELL), one of the most influential early online communities. One of them went on to found Women's Wire, which became Women.com, the first commercial women's focused online community. Another founded SFgate, one of the first newspaper-based online sites.
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