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Old 06-21-2009, 05:56 AM   #1
Dantheman62
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Default Herschel’s daring test: a glimpse of things to come



Herschel's test view of M51

19 June 2009
Herschel opened its 'eyes' on 14 June and the Photoconductor Array Camera and Spectrometer obtained images of M51, ‘the whirlpool galaxy’ for a first test observation. Scientists obtained images in three colours which clearly demonstrate the superiority of Herschel, the largest infrared space telescope ever flown.

This image shows the famous ‘whirlpool galaxy’, first observed by Charles Messier in 1773, who provided the designation Messier 51 (M51). This spiral galaxy lies relatively nearby, about 35 million light-years away, in the constellation Canes Venatici. M51 was the first galaxy discovered to harbour a spiral structure.

The image is a composite of three observations taken at 70, 100 and 160 microns, taken by Herschel’s Photoconductor Array Camera and Spectrometer (PACS) on 14 and 15 June, immediately after the satellite’s cryocover was opened on 14 June.

Herschel, launched only a month ago, is still being commissioned and the first images from its instruments were planned to arrive only in a few weeks. But engineers and scientists were challenged to try to plan and execute daring test observations as part of a ‘sneak preview’ immediately after the cryocover was opened. The objective was to produce a very early image that gives a glimpse of things to come.






M51 Herschel image at 160, 100 and 70 microns

Herschel’s glimpse of M51 at 70, 100, 160 microns.

These images clearly demonstrate that the shorter the wavelength, the sharper the image — this is a very important message about the quality of Herschel’s optics, since PACS observes at Herschel’s shortest wavelengths.

Produced from the very first test observation, these images lead scientists to conclude that the optical performance of Herschel and its large telescope is so far meeting their high expectations.


http://www.esa.int/esaCP/SEM76A0P0WF_index_0.html
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Old 06-21-2009, 01:43 PM   #2
chitty
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Default Re: Herschel’s daring test: a glimpse of things to come

Thanks Dan. Fascinating and Thought Provoking. As in all your posts.
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Old 06-21-2009, 03:49 PM   #3
giovonni
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Lightbulb Re: Herschel’s daring test: a glimpse of things to come

Thanks Dan,
The ESA seems to have been (always) more forthright in releasing project status news and updates. Still I wonder, what their (the scientists) first (gut) impressions are> into this area of insight and discovery?
Kind of like a 2001 space odyssey moment Gi
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