There are many reasons permaculture projects fail, one of the main ones I find is the lack of participants or knowledgeable design. Here is a proposed way I think we can "design" a solution from the beginning. I call it recursive thinking.
The designer first gives a task to the eager novice, the novice now looks to the do-er the craftsman to oversee the completion of the task and for guidance. The Craftsman then delivers the task's outcome to the contemplative person. This person provides a wide range of observation and oversight and also guidance. Then the Contemplative person delivers the task outcome back to the designer and the cycle can stop or restart for refinements.