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Thread: Undeniable Footage Of Jet Aircraft Spraying //The Midwest Respiratory Crisis – Infected Chemtrail Beta Test?

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    Default Re: Undeniable Footage Of Jet Aircraft Spraying //The Midwest Respiratory Crisis – Infected Chemtrail Beta Test?

    Government Finally Admits Chemical Geoengineering Via Chemtrail Operations
    Nov 19, 2017

    Quote After decades of denial, the US government uses the NIH to reveal the obvious truth

    State of the Nation

    Since the very inception of the chemical geoengineeering programs, the U.S. Federal Government has repeatedly denied their existence.

    Various agencies and departments within the government have actually belittled many investigative journalists and scientific researchers who have conclusively proved their existence.

    Many truth seekers throughout the Alt Media have been the object of scorn for even broaching the subject. Some have been intimidated by government proxies and/or threatened by private contractors for making their geoengineering claims and publishing their findings.

    NIH Scientific Research Paper
    Now we see that there was a scientific research paper published by the National Center for Biotechnology Information which “is part of the United States National Library of Medicine, a branch of the National Institutes of Health”.

    The title of the paper is “Assessing the direct occupational and public health impacts of solar radiation management with stratospheric aerosols” and it can be found at the following link: US National Library of Medicine Posted Scientific Research Paper Acknowledging Chemical Geoengineering.
    Even though this article was published in January of 2016, many in the anti-geoengineering community have continued to be the victim of hit pieces and propaganda, particularly on social media. How does this even happen, especially when the government itself proclaims that chemical geoengineering is being conducted in the skies?

    The sky doesn’t lie
    What is particularly galling about this ongoing predicament is that every chemtrail watcher knows with absolute certainty that toxic chemtrails are being discharged across the planet with a vengeance. See the photos in the following link.
    CHEMTRAILS: A Planetary Catastrophe Created by Geoengineering (Photos)

    Many of us have made direct correlations with the frequency and intensity of chemtrail operations and a variety of ailments and symptoms which invariably occur in their wake. The resulting illness has even been given a name: Chemtrail syndrome.
    CHEMTRAIL SYNDROME: A Global Pandemic Of Epic Proportions

    Therefore, it does not take a scientific research paper for us to know what we see daily in the skies and feel in our own bodies.

    Why have they lied for so long?
    There are specific reasons why the federal government, along with the U.S. military, have outright lied about these intensifying geoengineering programs.

    First of all, and most importantly, the true reasons behind these highly destructive and covert operations are quite alarming. There is nothing good about their intentions, nor about the extreme damage that is being inflicted on the troposphere. The following video lays bare just one piece of the clandestine agenda at work with regard to the carefully hidden geoengineering agenda.

    5G and the Geoengineering Connection (Video)

    Were the truth to be told about the depth and breadth of geoengineering projects currently in progress throughout the USA, the American people would literally revolt against the government. Their inherent dangers and risks are so great that communities everywhere would understand they are under relentless assault.

    The following compendium of essays and exposés provides just a glimpse into the true state of affairs where it concerns Earth’s atmosphere. Of course, what happens in the air eventually affects the land masses and water bodies across the planet. And so it has. Therefore, all of humanity is being adversely affected as we are being sprayed regularly like cockroaches.

    Climate Change & Geoengineering
    The biggest take-away from this crucial teaching moment is as follows: that the government’s inordinate refusal to publicly this share vital information and essential data is connected to an extremely serious matter—Global Climate Change!

    Geoengineering Is The Primary Cause Of Global Climate Change, Not CO2

    It is now an established scientific fact that the single greatest cause of climate change is geoengineering (see preceding link). The nonstop global chemtrail spraying operations are dumping tons of particulates, such as coal fly ash, into the atmosphere which is contributing to the formation of massive amounts of water vapor. Water vapor is the most prevalent greenhouse gas. Greenhouse gasses contribute considerably to climate change particularly when their atmospheric volume is increasing so fast due to chemtrail aerosols.
    U.S. Government Spraying Tons Of Toxic Coal Fly Ash Into Atmosphere Via Chemtrails

    Herein lies the real problem. The more chemical geoengineering that is conducted in the skies, the more disruptive climate change will be.

    In other words, the climate change advocates are right about the catastrophic changes in the weather; but they’re wrong about the true causation. The geoengineers are wreaking havoc with their systematic chemtrail emissions and HAARP frequencies, Nexrad transmitters and power plant moisture sources. The geoengineers can even create superstorms such as those seen during the 2017 [MEGA] hurricane season.

    It appears to be quite difficult for many readers to understand how superstorms are first created and then carefully guided to their predetermined destinations. Highly advanced scientific techniques and applied technology are now routinely utilized within the realm of geoengineering. Chemical geoengineering via chemtrails & chembombs, HAARP frequencies, Nexrad transmitters, power plants, as well as secret satellite-based modalities, are used with great dexterity in the manufacturing and steering of major hurricanes.
    (Source: Full-Scale Weather War Being Waged Against North America)
    This relatively new status quo can only go on for so much longer. The local ecosystems and global environment alike can only sustain so much devastation. The real plight is that the incessant chemical contamination and EMR frequency onslaught is occurring well below the radar. Hence, very few are really aware of the planetary degradation at the micro level.

    TPTB know that what cannot be seen, heard or felt cannot be responded to. This is precisely why they launched such an aggressive campaign to convince the citizenry that chemtrails are contrails. They knew that if they repeated that lie enough times it would serve to provide cover for the geoengineers to continue their patently unlawful chemtrail operations.

    However, the time is fast upon US when this falsehood must be exposed for the transparent deception that it is. How the American people permitted such a destructive government conspiracy to deceive them for so many years is quite incomprehensible.

    Nevertheless, it’s better late than never to take back our skies, once and for all. The health and well-being of future generations greatly depends upon it, as does the integrity of the biosphere.

    State of the Nation
    November 19, 2017

    Here is the NIH article:

    Quote Environ Health. 2016; 15: 7.
    Published online 2016 Jan 19. doi: 10.1186/s12940-016-0089-0
    PMCID: PMC4717532
    Assessing the direct occupational and public health impacts of solar radiation management with stratospheric aerosols
    Utibe Effiong and Richard L. Neitzelcorresponding author
    Author information ► Article notes ► Copyright and License information ►
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    Geoengineering is the deliberate large-scale manipulation of environmental processes that affects the Earth’s climate, in an attempt to counteract the effects of climate change. Injecting sulfate aerosol precursors and designed nanoparticles into the stratosphere to (i.e., solar radiation management [SRM]), has been suggested as one approach to geoengineering. Although much is being done to unravel the scientific and technical challenges around geoengineering, there have been few efforts to characterize the potential human health impacts of geoengineering, particularly with regards to SRM approaches involving stratospheric aerosols. This paper explores this information gap. Using available evidence, we describe the potential direct occupational and public health impacts of exposures to aerosols likely to be used for SRM, including environmental sulfates, black carbon, metallic aluminum, and aluminum oxide aerosols. We speculate on possible health impacts of exposure to one promising SRM material, barium titanate, using knowledge of similar nanomaterials. We also explore current regulatory efforts to minimize exposure to these toxicants. Our analysis suggests that adverse public health impacts may reasonably be expected from SRM via deployment of stratospheric aerosols. Little is known about the toxicity of some likely candidate aerosols, and there is no consensus regarding acceptable levels for public exposure to these materials. There is also little infrastructure in place to evaluate potential public health impacts in the event that stratospheric aerosols are deployed for solar radiation management. We offer several recommendations intended to help characterize the potential occupation and public health impacts of SRM, and suggest that a comprehensive risk assessment effort is needed before this approach to geoengineering receives further consideration.

    Keywords: Climate change, Geoengineering, Solar radiation management, Aerosols, Exposure, Human health
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    Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and since the 1950s, human influence on the climate system has become clear [1, 2]. Because human activities have become significant geological forces, the term “anthropocene” has been applied to the current geological epoch, which began in the eighteenth century [3]. The United Nation’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has forecast that if human activity and world development continue unimpeded, average surface temperatures could rise as much as 4.8 °C by 2100 [1, 2, 4]. The lack of success to date in efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions sufficiently has prompted attention to the possibility of counteracting the effects of emissions through the intentional manipulation of global-scale Earth system processes – a process referred to as “geoengineering” [5]

    The concept of geoengineering is not new, and dates back to at least 1965 [6]. However, the term geoengineering as applied in its current context was introduced in 1977 [7]. Geoengineering approaches include solar radiation management, or SRM, and carbon dioxide removal (CDR) [5]. SRM techniques attempt to offset effects of increased greenhouse gas concentrations by reducing the proportion of incoming short wavelength solar radiation that is absorbed or reflected by the earth’s atmosphere (Fig. 1) [8]. Proposed SRM techniques include stratospheric aerosols, reflective satellites, whitening of the clouds, whitening of built structures and increasing plant reflectivity (Fig. 2) [5]. All SRM deployment techniques require a global approach since localized deployment will not produce sufficient effects. Importantly, SRM approaches to managing climate change require initial and ongoing addition of aerosols to the atmosphere, with increasingly greater additions as emissions of GHGs rise, given the risk of sudden and potentially catastrophic warming if aerosol levels are not maintained. Proposed CDR approaches include afforestation/reforestation, direct air carbon dioxide (CO2) capture/storage, manufacturing carbonate minerals using silicate rocks and CO2 from the air, accelerated weathering of rocks, ocean alkalinity addition and ocean fertilization (Fig. 2) [5].

    Fig. 1

    Fig. 1
    Components of the earth’s radiation budget (adapted from NASA. http://science-edu.larc.nasa.gov/EDDOCS/whatis.html)
    Fig. 2

    Fig. 2
    Potential methods for solar radiation management and carbon dioxide removal (adapted from http://r3zn8d.files.wordpress.com/20...ngineering.jpg)

    This paper will focus on SRM via stratospheric aerosol injection, and will describe potential direct human health impacts. We explore three knowledge gaps: 1) human exposures, 2) human health impacts, and 3) exposure limits. SRM may be expected to result in ecosystem damage and resulting human health effects through indirect mechanisms such as damage to, or contamination of, agricultural products and wildlife. While these effects are important, they are beyond the scope of our paper.

    Stratospheric aerosols for use in SRM
    The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth’s atmosphere, lying immediately above the lowest layer (the troposphere) at an altitude of 10–50 km [9]. Within the stratosphere temperatures increase with increasing elevation. The potential for SRM from stratospheric injection of aerosols has been demonstrated by global cooling following large volcanic eruptions [10].

    A wide range of particles could be released into the stratosphere to achieve the SRM objective of scattering sunlight back to space. Sulfates and nanoparticles currently favored for SRM include sulfur dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, carbonyl sulfide, black carbon, and specially engineered discs composed of metallic aluminum, aluminum oxide and barium titanate [11]. In particular, engineered nanoparticles are considered very promising. The particles would utilize photophoretic and electromagnetic forces to self-levitate above the stratosphere [11]. These nanoparticles would remain suspended longer than sulfate particles, would not interfere with stratospheric chemistry, and would not produce acid rain [12]. However, while promising, the self-levitating nanodisc has not been tested to verify efficacy, may increase ocean acidification due to atmospheric CO2 entrapment, has uncharacterized human health and environmental impacts, and may be prohibitively expensive [12].

    Knowledge gap 1: human exposures
    Human exposures to materials used for SRM could occur during the manufacture, transportation, deployment and post-deployment of these materials [13]. In this paper, unless otherwise stated, inhalation is the primary route of exposure considered.

    Occupational exposures
    Airborne sulfate exposures have been shown to range up to 23 mg/m3 in sulfuric acid plants [14]. Additionally, high exposures to sulfuric acid fumes have also been noted in the petrochemical industry, and high exposures to hydrogen sulfide and carbonyl sulfide have also been noted in natural gas extraction operations [15, 16]. Exposures to black carbon during its manufacture can be quite high [17]. Elevated airborne exposures to aluminum and its oxide have been shown to occur during aluminum refining, smelting and at aluminum powder plants [18]. There appears to be no available documentation of occupational exposure to barium titanate. In addition to manufacturing settings, exposures to SRM materials could occur during deployment, e.g., during cloud seeding operations, as well as from accidents during transportation [19, 20].

    Occupational exposures to SRM materials are likely to occur over brief periods (e.g., days to weeks), with the potential for repeated or cyclic exposures. The health effects of such exposures will therefore likely be acute in nature, though repeated exposures create an opportunity for chronic health effects. Occupational exposures may be attenuated through the use of engineering controls such as ventilation, as well as the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) such as respirators and protective suits.

    Population exposures
    Due to atmospheric circulation and gravitational deposition, large-scale population exposures to atmospherically-injected SRM materials will almost certainly occur after their deployment. Population exposures could also occur through ingestion of food and water contaminated with deposited particles, as well as transdermally [11, 21]. Unlike occupational exposures, there has been virtually no research done to estimate ground-level personal exposures to SRM materials, though the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) does provide guidance on methods for evaluating environmental exposures to several possible SRM materials [22].

    Stratospheric injection of sulfur dioxide and black carbon has already been modeled to analyze potential deposition of sulfate and soot [21, 23]. One model estimated that with 1 Tg of black carbon infused into the stratosphere annually, after ten years of geoengineering, the globally averaged mass burden would be approximately 8 × 10−6 kg m−2 [23]. The intentional addition of black carbon to the atmosphere will exacerbate adverse health effects already resulting from unintentional release at ground level [24]. In the year 2000, the global emission of black carbon was estimated at 7.6 Tg, and the globally averaged mass burden of black carbon was roughly 1.5 × 10−5 kg m−2 [25]. No models appear to have estimated the potential global burden of environmental aluminum, alumina or barium titanate that might result from SRM.

    In contrast to occupational exposures, population exposures to SRM materials will be continuous and prolonged over months to years, but will likely be orders of magnitude lower than those experienced occupationally. Thus the health effects will be primarily chronic in nature. The use of PPE to reduce personal exposures to deposited SRM materials is not feasible on a population scale.

    Knowledge gap 2: potential human health impacts
    Table 1 summarizes, by bodily system, the potential human health effects of the aerosols that may be used for SRM.

    Table 1 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/art...32/table/Tab1/

    Human health effects of the potential SRM aerosols
    Inhalational studies with sulfuric acid aerosol suggest that it has a local irritant effect and no systemic effects [26]. Squamous cell metaplasia in the laryngeal epithelium has been observed in animal studies at exposures as low as 0.3 mg/m3, with more severe metaplasia following exposures of 1.38 mg/m3. Epidemiological studies suggest a relationship between exposure to mists containing sulfuric acid and an increased incidence of laryngeal cancer, and the International Agency for Research on Cancer has concluded that “occupational exposure to strong inorganic mists containing sulfuric acid is carcinogenic for humans” [27, 28].

    In humans, and in particular asthmatics, increases in specific airway resistance or decreases in forced expiratory volume or forced expiratory flow are the primary response following acute exposure to sulfur dioxide [29]. Cough, irritation, increased salivation, and erythema of the trachea and main bronchi occurred following controlled exposures to ≤8 ppm for 20 min [30]. Exposures to higher levels (e.g., 40 ppm) can produce a burning sensation in the nose and throat, dyspnea, and severe airway obstruction that may only partially reverse over time [31]. Exposures to even higher levels (e.g., ≤100 ppm) can result in reactive airway dysfunction syndrome, which involves bronchial epithelial damage and increased sensitization and nonspecific hypersensitivity to other irritant stimuli [32, 33]. Deaths can occur following exposures >100 ppm [31].

    Single exposures to hydrogen sulfide can cause health effects in many systems [34]. Hydrogen sulfide has an odor threshold of 0.01 mg/m3, and humans become insensitive to its odor at concentrations of ≥140 mg/m3 [35, 36]. Respiratory symptoms in asthmatic individuals appear at about 2.8 mg/m3, but respiratory distress does not seem to occur <560 mg/m3 [37]. Eye irritation can occur at 5–29 mg/m3, and metabolic abnormalities may occur at 7 mg/m3 [38]. Neurological symptoms such as fatigue, loss of appetite, headache, irritability, poor memory and dizziness may result following exposures >28 mg/m3[39], with death occuring. > 700 mg/m3 [40].

    Limited information is available on the pharmacokinetics of carbonyl sulfide, which likely metabolizes to carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide [41]. Acute exposures result in symptoms similar to those of hydrogen sulfide, but with less local irritation or olfactory warning [42]. Sublethal exposure can result in profuse salivation, headache, vertigo, amnesia, confusion, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cardiac arrhythmia, weakness, muscle cramps, and unconsciousness [43]. Concentrations >1000 ppm can cause sudden collapse, convulsions, and death from respiratory paralysis.

    Respiratory effects in black carbon workers include cough, sputum production, bronchitis, pneumoconiosis, and decrements in lung function, as well as tiredness, chest pain, headache, and respiratory irritation [24, 44, 45]. Black carbon may cause discoloration of eyelids and conjunctivae [46], and is possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B); there is inadequate evidence of carcinogenicity in humans, but sufficient evidence in experimental animals [24].

    Aluminum is never found free in nature, and instead forms metal compounds, complexes, or chelates including aluminum oxide [47]. Aluminum and aluminum oxide do not appear to differ in toxicity [47]. Wheezing, dyspnea, and impaired lung function, as well as pulmonary fibrosis, have been noted in workers exposed to fine aluminum dust [48–50]. Dilation and hypertrophy of the right side of the heart have been seen in workers exposed to aluminum powder, as have decreased red blood cell hemoglobin and finger clubbing [50]. Helper T-lymphocyte alveolitis and blastic transformation of peripheral blood lymphocytes in the presence of soluble aluminum compounds in vitro were found in an individual exposed to aluminum dust [51]. There is limited evidence of carcinogenicity among workers; the few existing studies have been confounded by concurrent exposures to known carcinogens, (e.g., tobacco smoke or polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) [52].

    Barium titanate is a complex salt containing two metals, which complicates modeling of its toxicological properties. In general, exposures to barium salts are associated with respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, metabolic and neurologic effects [53]. Barium salts also have a local effect on skin surfaces and would not likely be absorbed systematically to any great extent, though this might not be true of barium salt nanoparticles [53, 54]. Barium titanate could also behave like a titanium salt in interactions with the human body, in which case the resulting health effects are essentially unknown. Only two titanium-containing compounds are indexed by the U.S Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) or covered by U.S exposure limits [55]. It is possible that barium titanate might act both as a salt of barium and titanium, or as neither; the toxicological properties of a nanoparticle are influenced by factors such as particle size, surface area, chemistry or reactivity, solubility, and shape [54].

    Knowledge gap 3: exposure standards and guidelines

    Several US agencies and organizations have established occupational exposure limits (OELs) for sulfate, carbon, and some metallic substances. While OELs almost uniformly assume an 8-h daily exposure period, organizations use different assumptions and acceptable excess risk levels when establishing limits. As a result there are a range of OELs for potential SRM materials, which complicates the establishment of “safe” global levels. Additionally, some potential SRM compounds (for example, barium titanate) are currently unregulated and/or have no recognized occupational exposure assessment procedures. All of these issues apply equally to community exposure limits.

    The American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) for the potential SRM materials shown in Table 2 are consistently lower than those required by the U.S Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) or recommended by the U.S National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) [56, 57] The TLVs and NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limits (RELs) are intended to protect the typical worker from any adverse health effects without consideration of economic or political feasibility, while the OSHA limits consider technical and economic feasibility and are subsequently less protective [56, 58].

    Table 2 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/art...32/table/Tab2/

    Occupational exposure standards for substances that may be utilized in solar radiation management (Unless otherwise specified, exposure limits are average levels over an 8-h workday)
    For public exposures – which would likely be widespread following SRM efforts – the EPA, European Environmental Agency (EEA), and World Health Organization specify regulatory standards for ambient air quality (Table 3) [57–59]. Importantly, Table 3 shows a very small sampling of air quality standards in use around the world that relate to potential SRM materials, of which the WHO standards may be considered most generalizable globally. Exposure limits differ substantially between these agencies, but, more importantly, there are currently no limits set by any of these agencies for most of the substances that may be used for SRM [60, 61].

    Table 3 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/art...32/table/Tab3/

    Ambient air quality standards for substances that may be utilized in solar radiation management
    The inconsistencies in established exposure limits for both occupational and community settings, combined with the absence of any exposure limits for a number of potential SRM materials, highlight the issues involved in protecting workers and the public from unintended health consequences resulting from SRM deployment. Since employers have legal control over exposures to their workers, OELs can be met through implementation of engineering controls and use of PPE, whereas use of PPE is not feasible at a population level, and reductions in public exposures would have to rely on engineering controls (e.g., use of air cleaning devices) or administrative controls (e.g., behavior changes). The substantial potential exposures and subsequent health impacts associated with SRM efforts based on stratospheric aerosols must be considered further before any attempts are made at SRM .

    In order to be effective, SRM efforts involving stratospheric aerosols will require a global effort. Such an action would represent the first truly global and intentionally-produced human exposures, and because the benefits and potential consequences of this action would impact the entire population of the planet to some degree, we make the following initial recommendations:

    i. Geoengineering cost-benefit analyses should consider health impacts of SRM.
    At present, most assessments of geoengineering are done within specific and well-defined frameworks of economics, risk, politics, and environmental ethics [62]. Literature on the potential human health impacts of SRM is scant, and such impacts have not been adequately factored into previous cost-benefit analyses [63]. We recommend that subsequent cost-benefit analyses for geoengineering explicitly consider health impacts of SRM [64]. Assessments should further compare the expected health benefits that may result from SRM efforts to potential adverse health outcomes, including (but not limited to) those described here.
    ii. Further research is needed on methods of assessment of exposures to, and evaluation of toxicological properties of, potential SRM materials.
    We have noted gaps in current scientific knowledge related to occupational and community exposures that would result from SRM, as well to the toxicological properties of potential SRM materials. Additional laboratory- and field-based research is needed in these areas, particularly with regard to exposure characterization and the spatial and temporal movement of SRM materials from the stratosphere to ground level. While it is difficult to develop exposure and toxicological models which are representative of a decades- or centuries-long SRM deployment, these efforts are critical to ensure that reasonable, validated models of exposures and human health impacts are available prior to any SRM deployment.
    iii. Strict and harmonized global occupational and community exposure limits are needed for SRM materials.
    Tables 2 and ​and33 illustrate the divergence and incompleteness of current occupational and community exposure limits regarding potential SRM materials. Since exposures will inherently be global in nature, exposure limits must be harmonized to ensure that individuals around the world are given equal protection from adverse health effects. Global harmonization of standards related to SRM represents an immense but necessary bureaucratic and scientific challenge, and an important step towards establishing a formal governance framework for geoengineering. A global discussion of standards harmonization relating to SRM may result in other tangible benefits to society, including the potential evolution of a common language and framework for risk assessment and a debate on the strengths and weaknesses of different approaches to risk management.
    iv. Reversal mechanisms should be identified prior to any SRM deployment
    In the event that substantial health impacts are noted following deployment of stratospheric aerosol approaches to SRM, mechanisms for capturing the aerosols to halt further ground-level exposures through gravitational deposition will be needed. Therefore, if stratospheric aerosols are pursued as a viable SRM strategy, such mechanisms will need to be identified and evaluated prior to large-scale deployment.
    Go to:
    Although there is very little agreement in the scientific community on the approach to SRM-related technologies, SRM has been identified as a potentially technically feasible and possibly cost-effective method of geoengineering to reduce or reverse anthropogenically-driven climate change [1, 62]. But even as much is being done to unravel the scientific and technical challenges around geoengineering, and there is substantial evidence that a host of adverse human health effects will directly result from climate change, very little has been done to describe the potential human health impacts of this emerging disruptive technology. We have described the potential occupational and public health impacts of inadvertent exposure to potential SRM materials, and have also speculated on the possible health impacts of exposure to barium titanate using knowledge of similar nanomaterials.

    Based on our analyses, we submit that the current knowledge gaps do not justify deployment of SRM in the short term. We therefore recommend further research, a more inclusive analysis of costs and benefits, as well as the globalization and harmonization of regulatory standards that will limit the negative human health impact of SRM. Only following a comprehensive risk assessment that addresses each of these issues can the potential benefits of this geoengineering approach be weighed against the potential public health burdens created by this technology.

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    Funding for this study was provided by the University of Michigan MCubed funding program and by the University of Michigan Risk Science Center.

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    ACGIH American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienist
    ATSDR U.S Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
    CDR Carbon Dioxide Removal
    EPA U.S Environmental Protection Agency
    IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
    NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
    OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    PPE Personal Protective Equipment
    REL Recommended Exposure Limits
    SRM Solar Radiation Management
    TLV Threshold Limit Values
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    Competing interests

    The authors have no competing financial interests to declare.

    Authors’ contributions

    UE carried out the literature review and drafted the manuscript. RN conceived of the study, participated in its design and coordination, and helped draft the manuscript. Both authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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    Contributor Information
    Utibe Effiong, Email: ude.hcimu@gnoiffeu.

    Richard L. Neitzel, Phone: (734) 763-2870, Email: ude.hcimu@leztienr.

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    Each breath a gift...

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    Default Re: Undeniable Footage Of Jet Aircraft Spraying //The Midwest Respiratory Crisis – Infected Chemtrail Beta Test?

    New 2018 Climate GeoEngineering Chemtrails Documentary 'OVERCAST'

    Published on 27 Jan 2018...https://www.overcast-the-movie.com/

    posted on....

    ================================================== =

    CNN's "Beme" News Comes To California To Cover Climate Engineering Issue ( Geoengineering Watch )
    Dane Wigington

    Published on 23 Jan 2018
    Last edited by Cidersomerset; 27th January 2018 at 21:43.

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    Default Re: Undeniable Footage Of Jet Aircraft Spraying //The Midwest Respiratory Crisis – Infected Chemtrail Beta Test?

    I've been following this Chemtrail theory for almost 20 years since I moved to Las Vegas. I grew up in North New Jersey, about 30 minutes from Newark International Airport and don't recall ever any planes leaving heavy trails in the sky.

    Growing up in the late 1970's I remember as a child always looking up in the sky and never saw the sky look the way it does today. Ironic as I visit NJ every few years and they sky looks like everywhere else in the country and nothing like my childhood.

    The day after Trump got elected; David Wilcock came out saying it's Raining in California and there will be no more Chemtrails. Seemed weird as a few weeks Las Vegas had beautiful normal sky for a few weeks and then the planes started spraying again and still continue

    I'm not sure what to believe exactly on Chemtrails. However, Desert Research Institute - https://www.dri.edu/ Admits to spraying and if you dig into their site they research all sorts of Microbiology and Atmospheric Science. Their logo even shows a plane spraying in the clouds.

    Many years ago I used to work for Rite Aid Pharmacy as a computer technician and traveled all over 3-4 states. The weirdest thing I ever seen regarding clouds was in Moreno Valley California. I was on a Highway and traveling up the side of a mountain and there was some low clouds in the sky; but right above that was this huge giant cloud that was shaped like a tube. It was like a huge massive tube shape and it stretched at least 60 miles long as far as the eye can see but it was moving. It was moving like a train west towards Los Angeles. The clouds or whatever it was did not move, but it was like the layer above had a different wind current that just pushed this massive cloud tube

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    Default Re: Undeniable Footage Of Jet Aircraft Spraying //The Midwest Respiratory Crisis – Infected Chemtrail Beta Test?

    David Icke - Chemtrails, Nanoparticles and the Gender Agenda

    Published on 12 Feb 2018.....David's Dot Connector
    Last edited by Cidersomerset; 1st May 2018 at 22:45.

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    Bezos Yanks Amazon Alexa Real 'Chemtrails Conspiracy'
    But WaPo Pushes Fake Syrian Gas Attack Fable

    Published on 18 Apr 2018
    You want lies. Here's a doozy. Bezos is pushing the fake Syrian Douma gas
    attack nonsense but won't let you hear about chemtrails and geoengineering.
    Now dig this. This is what Mashable's Brian Koerber actually wrote for Mashable.

    Ask Alexa about chemtrails, and she'll tell you it's a government conspiracy. Seriously.

    "Chemtrails: Trails left by aircraft are actually chemical or biological agents
    deliberately sprayed at high altitudes for a purpose undisclosed to the general public
    in clandestine programs directed by government officials," my Amazon Echo responds
    when asked "What's a chemtrail."

    But here's the best part. He wrote: Let's be clear, here. Chemtrails are not "biological
    agents deliberately sprayed" by "government officials," despite what the popular
    conspiracy theory touts. https://mashable.com/2018/04/11/amazo...

    This is my interview with Dane Wiggington. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d8bk3...

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    Default Re: Undeniable Footage Of Jet Aircraft Spraying //The Midwest Respiratory Crisis – Infected Chemtrail Beta Test?

    SAIs Sunday April 22, 2018

    Streamed live 23 hours ago 22/4/18

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    Default Re: Undeniable Footage Of Jet Aircraft Spraying //The Midwest Respiratory Crisis – Infected Chemtrail Beta Test?

    Same thing in the state of Oregon. Yesterday we didn't have a trail or a cloud in the sky all day and today has been the worst I've seen in about a year.

    And people think I'm crazy .?.?.?
    “To develop a complete mind: Study the art of science; study the science of art. Learn how to see. Realize that everything connects to everything else” – Leonardo Da Vinci

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    Default Re: Undeniable Footage Of Jet Aircraft Spraying //The Midwest Respiratory Crisis – Infected Chemtrail Beta Test?

    Recent talk by author Elana Freeland, Under an Ionized Sky

    Elana Freeland, author of the newly-released book, Under an Ionized Sky: Chemtrails & Space Fence Lockdown gave a talk in Portland, Oregon recently to speak about geoengineering technology.

    “This is my watch and that is the deepest thing I can say. Why do I fight so hard, if I don’t believe that we can stop this easily? It is because this is happening on my watch and I will not leave the Earth with my death without having done everything I can on my watch…

    “Some may have hoped that when President Trump entered office that perhaps he would do something about this terrible technology.

    “The truth is that this technology is entirely too valuable to other agendas. There is no way that it will be stopped, no matter what administration is in the White House.”[/QUOTE]
    Each breath a gift...

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    Default Re: Undeniable Footage Of Jet Aircraft Spraying //The Midwest Respiratory Crisis – Infected Chemtrail Beta Test?

    Jeff & Dane Wigington - GeoEngineering And Chemtrails Killing Millions Of Trees

    Published on 6 Jun 2018...( 44 mins )...
    Please visit http://rense.com for news and information you'll rarely see in the MSM!

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    Default Re: Undeniable Footage Of Jet Aircraft Spraying //The Midwest Respiratory Crisis – Infected Chemtrail Beta Test?

    "In real life James Bond works for S.P.E.C.T.R.E."

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