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Old 09-19-2009, 04:00 PM   #516
day
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Join Date: Sep 2008
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Default Re: Pineal Gland Awakening: Star Nations Teachings

Timeline cont'


1910

Ontario Public School History of Canada: "All Indians were superstitious, having strange ideas about nature. They thought that birds, beasts....were like men. Thus an Indian has been known to make a long speech of apology to a wounded bear. Such were the people whom the pioneers of our own race found lording it over the North American continent – this untamed savage of the forest who could not bring himself to submit to the restraints of European life."




1914-1918

New amendments to the Indian Act which made it easier for the government to obtain convictions for "spiritual mis-behaviour.



1931

Number of Schools peaks: Eighty schools: one in Nova Scotia, thirteen in Ontario, ten in Manitoba, fourteen in Saskatchewan, twenty in Alberta, sixteen in British Columbia, four in the Northwest Territories, and two in the Yukon. In addition, two schools are planned for Quebec.

Note: Many residential schools were built on flat land and in remote areas (prairies) making escape difficult; children could be seen for miles, hunted down and brought back by the Indian Agents.




1940's

8,000 Indian children, half the student population were enrolled in seventy-six residential schools across the country. In 1930, three-quarters of Indian students were in grades one to three, and only three in every hundred students progressed past grade six.

Students were discouraged by school officials to go on to higher grades and were often ordered out of the school by age sixteen. At a residential school in northwestern Ontario, a federal inspector admonished the administrator for offering grades nine, by saying, "If we let the Indian people go to grade nine then they’ll want to go to grade ten, and then they’ll want to go to university, that’s what we don’t want."




Education of Girls

Girls were educated because it was thought that if Native male residential school graduates married unschooled Native females they would simply revert back to their prior ‘heathenism’. (Also called, 'The Blame it on Eve for Everything Syndrome!')





Late 1950's


Focus begins to shift. Understatement of the century: Residential schools were not accomplishing their purpose of cultural assimilation and some thought that the Natives should not be taught to compete with whites but should be taught to make a living on the reserve. The DIA begins to phase out the residential schools because they realized a new approach was needed towards Natives. Drug and alcohol abuse were on the rise and were directly attributed to the appalling conditions, sexual abuse and slavery endured by Native captives.
Focus




1990

Last federally-operated residential school is closed (Akaitcho Hall in Yellowknife). It is estimated that more than 100,000 Native children aged six and up attended the national network of residential schools from 1930 until the last one closed.
Last



1993

There are seven residential schools remaining, all of them administered by bands.




1990's

More than 4,500 lawsuits have been launched representing at least 9,000 claimants who allege physical or sexual abuse in the now defunct schools run by Catholic, Anglican, United and Presbyterian church groups for the government. The suits threaten the financial viability of some of the Churches. For example:

"Government and Church organizations, including the St. Paul Diocese, are facing up to $195 million in damages in lawsuits filed on behalf of 230 former Native students of the Blue Quills Residential School.

The suit also names the Oblates, the Grey Nuns, the Attorney General of Canada and the Roman Catholic Church as defendants. It alleges that the Native people suffered abuse and, "brutal, inhumane and cruel treatment" while they were students at the school in St. Paul.

While many of the allegations contained in the court documents are of a general nature, more than 20 individuals, both lay and religious, are named in connection with specific allegations." By Jay Charland, Staff Writer Edmonton.



1993 -
August 8

APOLOGY


Anglican Archbishop Michael Peers tells nearly 150 Native people gathered for the Anglican Church's second National Native Convocation that he apologizes for residential school atrocities committed by the Church and for the "pain and hurt" experienced in church-run residential schools. "I have felt shame and humiliation as I have heard of suffering inflicted by my people, and as I think of the part our church played in that suffering." The apology was accepted by Native Elders.


1996

The Royal Commission Report on Aboriginal People is released. It is a far-reaching, comprehensive message of reconciliation between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples in Canada. Part of the breakdown in this relationship, is described in the RCAP report as the cultural superiority and policy of assimilation that finds expression in the Indian Residential Schools. The report is a sweeping condemnation of the attitudes and behaviour of the federal government. It suggests major reforms which to this day have been largely ignored by the Federal Government.

Very little of this report was acted on despite intense lobbying by Native groups.



January 8, 1998

LET'S RECONCILE! Canadian Government





The Canadian Government through the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs apologized to the country's 1.5 million Indigenous people for decades of mistreatment that include attempts to stamp out Native culture and assimilate Indians and mixed race people. Minister of Indian Affairs Jane Stewart reads a ''Statement of Reconciliation'' that acknowledges the damage done to the Native population - including the hanging of Louis Riel after he led a rebellion of Indian and mixed-race people in western Canada in 1885. The government apology stops short of pardoning Riel, something Indigenous leaders have demanded for decades. Stewart does, however, apologize for the government's assimilation policies.

''Attitudes of racial and cultural superiority led to a suppression of aboriginal culture and values," she says. ''As a country, we are burdened by past actions that resulted in weakening the identity of aboriginal peoples, suppressing their languages and cultures, and outlawing spiritual practices.

We must recognize the impact of these actions on the once self-sustaining nations that were dis-aggregated, disrupted, limited or even destroyed by the dispossession of traditional territory, by the relocation of aboriginal people, and by some provisions of the Indian Act. The time has come to state formally that the days of paternalism and disrespect are behind us and we are committed to changing the nature of the relationship between aboriginal and non-aboriginal people in Canada.''

A $350 million dollar Healing Fund is created. Most First Nations do not believed that this sum is anywhere close to compensating them for the damage to Native societies; the money does not include off-reserve Natives, Inuit or Métis. To date little of the money has found its way into the hands of the survivors.

NOTE: Although it was referred to as Canada Apologizes, the apology was not given by the chief representative of the government, the Prime Minister. This is significant. If he had, it would have been an admission of culpability and the lawsuit settlements would have skyrocketed. Money? The hearts and healing of the Original People? Money? The hearts and healing of the Original People? - Money won.



1998 - APOLOGY from the United Church of Canada



From the deepest reaches of your memories, you have shared with us your stories of suffering from our church's involvement in the operation of Indian Residential Schools. You have shared the personal and historic pain that you still bear, and you have been vulnerable yet again. You have also shared with us your strength and wisdom born of the life-giving dignity of your communities and traditions and your stories of survival.

In response to our church's commitment to repentance, I spoke these words of apology on behalf of the General Council Executive on Tuesday, October 27, 1998:

"As Moderator of The United Church of Canada, I wish to speak the words that many people have wanted to hear for a very long time. On behalf of The United Church of Canada, I apologize for the pain and suffering that our church's involvement in the Indian Residential School system has caused. We are aware of some of the damage that this cruel and ill-conceived system of assimilation has perpetrated on Canada's First Nations peoples. For this we are truly and most humbly sorry.

To those individuals who were physically, sexually, and mentally abused as students of the Indian Residential Schools in which The United Church of Canada was involved, I offer you our most sincere apology. You did nothing wrong. You were and are the victims of evil acts that cannot under any circumstances be justified or excused. We know that many within our church will still not understand why each of us must bear the scar, the blame for this horrendous period in Canadian history. But the truth is, we are the bearers of many blessings from our ancestors, and therefore, we must also bear their burdens."

Our burdens include dishonouring the depths of the struggles of First Nations peoples and the richness of your gifts. We seek God's forgiveness and healing grace as we take steps toward building respectful, compassionate, and loving relationships with First Nations peoples. We are in the midst of a long and painful journey as we reflect on the cries that we did not or would not hear, and how we have behaved as a church. As we travel this difficult road of repentance, reconciliation, and healing, we commit ourselves to work toward ensuring that we will never again use our power as a church to hurt others with attitudes of racial and spiritual superiority.

We pray that you will hear the sincerity of our words today and that you will witness the living out of our apology in our actions in the future."

The Right Rev. Bill Phipps
Moderator of The United Church of Canada



10 July 1999 -
Front page of the Globe and Mail,
Erin Anderssen, Reportee


Lawyers swoop to cash in on Native claims
Leaders worry the suffering of residential-school victims is exploited by fees as high as 40 per cent of awards

Article is about how "Residential-school claims have become a burgeoning industry for Canada's legal profession, with a lot of money to be made" specifically the article deals with the Peigan First Nation... the article continues on A7 under the title: "Some lawyers cashing in, native say", the article says that the Law Society of Saskatchewan has passed a new ruling

"...that prevents its members from holding meetings in communities unless they are invited by prospective clients, and requires them to mark all documents sent to solicit business as "advertising material." ... and forbids lawyers to settle fee arrangements until they meet with each client




May 28, 2000 -
Anglican Church



Archbishop Michael Peers issues a pastoral letter: "Resulting from abuse in the residential schools there are over 1,600 claims of varying kinds brought against the General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada. About one hundred cases involve proven abuse of children, with the perpetrators given prison sentences. The costs of litigation and settlements for these alone is sufficient to exhaust all the assets of the General Synod and of some dioceses involved." The Anglican Church may have to declare bankruptcy. Not going to happen as a result of a deal struck between the Church and the State which limites the amount of compensation to survivors!



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March, 2001 - Federal government names The General Synod of the Anglican Church by third party action in 386 residential school cases. Similarly, the government also involves a number of Roman Catholic dioceses in residential school abuse trials, even though residential schools were operated by separately incorporated Orders within the church.

August, 2001 - Assembly of First Nations Chief Matthew Coon Come attended the United Nations World Conference Against Racism in South Africa. He embarrassed the Canadian government by telling delegates of the hundreds of years of suffering Native people have experienced at the hands of the Canadian government. Unrepentant Coon Come says, "I was not there to paint a rosy picture. That is not my job." Six weeks later, in retaliation, DIAND Minister, Robert Nault slashed the AFNs budget from twenty-one million dollars to ten million dollars, causing the layoff of over seventy employees. Matthew Coon Come is no longer a hero to the federal liberals.

2002 - The Presbyterian Church and the federal government have agreed to terms that limit the church's liability for residential lawsuits to $2.1 million. The agreement paves the way for settling outstanding claims by former students who were abused.




WASHINGTON APOLOGIZES
September 9, 2000




The head of the Federal Bureau of Indian Affairs formally apologized yesterday for the agency's "legacy of racism and inhumanity" that included massacres, relocations and the destruction of Indian languages and cultures.

‘By accepting this legacy, we accept also the moral responsibility of putting things right," Kevin Over, a Pawnee Indian, said in an emotional speech marking the agency's 175th anniversary.

With tears in his eyes, Mr. Over apologized on behalf of the BIA, but not the federal government as a whole. He is the highest-ranking U.S. official ever to make such a statement regarding the treatment of American Indians. "This agency participated in the ethnic cleansing that befell the Western tribes," he said. "This agency set out to destroy all things Indian. The legacy of these misdeeds haunts us."

The President did not apologize, and in terms of cold hard cash resulting from lawsuits this is also significant.





2002 - March -
"They are waiting for us to die."



Government officials say they are moving faster to compensate those abused in Indian residential schools, but critics warn victims caught in a sluggish process are dying off.

Gabe Mentuck, 73, said his claim has dragged on for six years and he charged the government is "just waiting for us to die." He is claiming compensation for abuse that occurred at the Pine Creek Residential School in northern Manitoba in the 1940s.


2006

Note: the recent apology by Prime Minister Harper to the Chinese Canadians (June 22, 2006) as a result of the racist head-tax imposed on them was timed when there are so very few survivors left. The head-tax was levied against almost 9,000 Chinese, now there are less than 20 still alive. One cannot help but conclude that much the same cynicism is being levied against Native residential school survivors.


2007

INDIAN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT (INRSSA)

This was the largest class action case in Canada's History. The Settlement Agreement received Court approval on March 21, 2007 with the full support of all parties involved: Government of Canada, Legal Counsel for former students; Legal Counsel for Churches, and the Assembly of First Nations. For details keep reading.

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