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Old 09-11-2008, 02:48 PM   #1
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Default Sacred Mountains and sacred places.

Sacred places: http://witcombe.sbc.edu/sacredplaces/mountains.html

Sacred mountains on the World Heritage List range from the wild, uninhabited glaciers of Mount St. Elias on the remote border between the Yukon and Alaska to the densely populated buildings and streets of Jerusalem centred around the Temple mount. Cultural monuments such as Angkor and Borobudur in Southeast Asia are based on architectural representations of a mythical mountain at the centre of the universe in Buddhist and Hindu cosmology. Two of the first three World Heritage sites to receive the new designation of Associative Cultural Landscapes - landscapes whose natural elements have powerful religious, artistic or cultural associations - are sacred mountains: Uluru in Australia and Tongariro in New Zealand.

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Ground Broken for Largest Corporate Solar System" Sacred mountains highlight some of the most impressive natural landscapes on the World Heritage List - from the red dome of Uluru, the largest isolated rock in the world, to the summit of Mount Everest, the highest point on earth. Mountain sites such as Nanda Devi National Park in India, Kilimanjaro National Park in Africa and Hawaii Volcanoes National Park contain some of the most diverse environments and ecosystems found anywhere on the planet: rivers, lakes, jungles, forests, deserts, grasslands, tundra, lava flows and glaciers.

Many sacred mountains on the World Heritage List preserve cultural as well as natural treasures. Orthodox Christian monasteries perched on the rock pinnacles of Meteora and nestled beneath Mount Athos, the Holy Mountain of Greece, serve as major repositories of priceless works of Byzantine art and literature.

The natural forms and features of other World Heritage mountain sites function as the equivalent of sacred scriptures, recording the actions of deities and heroes who created and shaped the world. The volcanic cone of Ngaurohoe in Tongariro National Park tells the story of a priest who came to New Zealand with the divine ancestors of the Maori people and whose servant froze to death on the spot.

Sacred mountains have also played important roles in history, literature and art. People who revere them feel deeply motivated to make sure they are protected. Some of these sites have become important centres for preserving traditional knowledge about the environment and valuable gene pools for replacing plant and animal species lost elsewhere. The protection of sacred mountains associated with important traditional values and identities also strengthens the societies that venerate them.

The modern environmental movement owes much of its origin and continued vitality to the idea of preserving pristine mountain areas as places for people to seek spiritual and physical renewal.

COPYRIGHT 2008 Gale, Cengage Learning

Selected Sacred MountainsMt. Agung, Bali
Mount Agung (3,148 meters; 10,308 feet) is the most sacred mountain in Bali. An active volcano, Mt. Agung last erupted in March 1963. The lava flows missed, sometimes by mere yards, the Mother Temple of Besakih, which is located on the slopes of the sacred mountain.

Mt. Croagh Patrick, Ireland
Mt. Croagh Patrick (also spelled Croach Patrick) is a mountain near the town of Westport in County Mayo, Ireland. Each year, as many as one million pilgrims and visitors make the trek to the top to pray at the stations of the cross, participate in Mass, do penance (in which case the rocky journey is undertaken barefoot) or just enjoy the spectacular view.

Mt. Fuji, Japan
In Japan, Mount Fuji (Fujiyama) is revered by Shintoists as sacred to the goddess Sengen-Sama, whose shrine is found at the summit. Named after the Buddhist fire goddess Fuchi, the mountain is believed to be the gateway to another world. The mountain was originally sacred to the Ainu, the aboriginal inhabitants of Japan. (Sacred Places)

Mt. Kailash, Tibet
Mount Kailash, one of the tallest peaks in the Himalayas and near the source of the Ganges, is venerated by Hindus, Jains, and Tibetan Buddhists. Buddhists regard the mountain as a giant mandala and do not climb it because of its great holiness.

Mt. Nebo, Jordan
Mt. Nebo is believed to be the mountain from which Moses viewed the Promised Land and the mountain on which he is buried. It is an important Christian pilgrimage site.

Mt. Shasta, California, USA
A Native American sacred mountain that is now the focus of New Age beliefs.

Mt. Sinai, Egypt
Alhough made famous in the Hebrew scriptures, Mt. Sinai is primarily a Christian pilgrimage site.

Mt. Tai (Tai Shan), China
Taoist sacred mountain of the east, Shandong province, China.

Mt. Emei (Emei Shan), China
Buddhist sacred mountain of the west, Sichuan province, China. Sacred to Bodhisattva Samantabhadra.

Uluru/Ayers Rock, Australia
Although not actually a mountain, this 1,100-foot-high sandstone rock shares the attributes of most sacred mountains - the Aborigines regard it as sacred, associate it with creation, and refrain from climbing it out of respect.

More Sacred MountainsArticles and photos for these (and other) sacred mountains are on the to-do list...

Mt. Blanca (Tsisnaasjini' - Dawn or White Shell Mountain), USA
Native American sacred mountain of the east, near Alamosa in San Luis Valley, Colorado.

Mt. Heng Bei (Heng Shan Bei)
Taoist sacred mountain of the north, Shanxi province, China.

Mt. Heng Nan (Heng Shan Nan)
Taoist sacred mountain of the south, Hunan province, China.

Mt. Hesperus/Obsidian Mountain (Dibé Nitsaa - Big Mountain Sheep), USA
Native American sacred mountain of the north, La Plata Mountains, Colorado.

Mt. Hua (Hua Shan)
Taoist sacred mountain of the west, Shanxi province, China.

Mt. Jiu Hua (Jiu Hua Shan), China
Buddhist sacred mountain of the south, Anhui province, China. Sacred to Bodhisattva K****igarbha.

Mt. Pu Tuo (Pu Tuo Shan), China
Buddhist sacred mountain of the east, Zhejiang province, China. Sacred to Bodhisattva Kuan-Yin.

Mt. Song (Song Shan), China
Taoist sacred mountain of the center, Henan province, China.

Mt. Taylor (Tsoodzil - Blue Bead or Turquoise Mountain), USA
Native American sacred mountain of the south, north of Laguna, New Mexico.

Mt. Wu Tai (Wu Tai Shan), China
Buddhist sacred mountain of the north, Shanxi province, China. Sacred to Bodhisattva Manjushri.

San Francisco Peaks (Doko'oosliid - Abalone Shell Mountain), USA
Native American sacred mountain of the west, near Flagstaff, Arizona.

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