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Old 09-19-2009, 03:01 AM   #501
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this page will be devoted to residential schools - what happened....
a little history and timeline


How smooth must be the language of the whites, when they can make right look like wrong, and wrong look like right."

Black Hawk, Sauk




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Old 09-19-2009, 03:09 AM   #502
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Residential Schools

"You will not give up your idle, roving habits to enable your children to receive instruction. It has therefore been determined that your children shall be sent to schools where they will forget their Indian habits and be instructed in all the necessary arts of civilized life and become one with your white brethren." (Indian Superintendent, P.G. Anderson, 1846,
Sing The Brave Song, J. Ennamorato, pg. 53.)




"If these schools are to succeed, we must not have them near the bands; in order to educate the children properly we must separate them from their families. Some people may say that this is hard, but if we want to civilize them we must do that."

(A federal cabinet minister, 1883, in J. R. Miller,
Skyscrapers Hide the Heavens: A HIstory of Indian-White Relations in Canada, 1989, pg. 298.


http://www.shannonthunderbird.com/re...al_schools.htm
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Old 09-19-2009, 03:12 AM   #503
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Duncan Campbell Scott was Deputy Superintendent
General of Indian Affairs between 1913-1932


"Duncan Campbell Scott, Head of Indian Affairs took a romantic interest in Native traditions, he was after all a poet of some repute (member of the Royal Society of Canada), as well as being an accountant, and a bureaucrat . [An unholy trinity if there ever was one!] He was three people rolled into one confusing and perverse soul. The poet romanticized the whole 'noble savage' theme, the bureaucrat lamented our inability to become civilized, the accountant refused to provide funds for the so-called civilization process. In other words, he disdained all ‘living’ Natives but "extolled the freedom of the savages."
(Accounting for Genocide, Dean Neu & Richard Therrien, pg. 89




In 1920 Scott said, "I want to get rid of the Indian problem. Our object is to continue until there is not a single Indian in Canada that has not been absorbed. They are a weird and waning race...ready to break out at any moment in savage dances; in wild and desperate orgies."



"Scott saw himself as Canada's Kipling. Perhaps he shared Kipling's vices, but not his brilliance or his irony; for Scott, natives were indeed lesser breeds without the law. His writing admired in their day now seem so much Edwardian bric-a-brac: florid, ponderous, unabashedly bigoted....Most revealing of all is one short line: 'Altruism is absent from the Indian character'. Only someone deeply ignorant, deeply prejudiced, or both could have written that."
(Ronald White, Stolen Continents, pg. 321).



http://www.shannonthunderbird.com/re...al_schools.htm
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Old 09-19-2009, 03:14 AM   #504
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KILL THE INDIAN AND NOT THE CHILD


1909, Dr. Peter Bryce, general medical superintendent for Indian Affairs reported to the Ministry that between 1894-`908 the mortality rate in western Canadian residential schools was between 35%-60%! The statistic became public in 1922. Dr. Bryce retired from his position in DIA and wrote a book, The Story of a National Crime: Being a Record of the Health Conditions of the Indians of Canada from 1904 to 1921. He also alleged in his book that he felt the high death rate was deliberate because healthy children had been exposed to diseases such as tuberculosis.

In the early 1920's another doctor, F.A. Corbett while working in Alberta found similar startling statistics at various residential schools, includingm Hobbema, and Sarcee. At Sarcee, only four kids from over thirty did not have tuberculosis. Moreover, with such a high illness and near death rate, the children still had to attend classes, because what would the so-called teachers have to do if they didn't?

As history shows these public-record tragedies caused barely a ripple on the collective Canadian conscience.
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Old 09-19-2009, 03:15 AM   #505
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THE WAY IT USED TO BE




"The traditional way of education was by example, experience, and storytelling. The first principle involved was total respect and acceptance of the one to be taught, and that learning was a continuous process from birth to death. It was total continuity without interruption. Its nature was like a fountain that gives many colours and flavours of water and that whoever chose could drink as much or as little as they wanted to whenever they wished. The teaching strictly adhered to the sacredness of life whether of humans, animals or plants."
(Art Solomon, Ojibwe Elder, Residential School Survivor)



A passage from Art Solomon’s book, Songs for the People: Teachings on the Natural Way (NC Press) describes Aboriginal society prior to the arrival of Europeans:

“We were not perfect, but we had no jails, we had no taxes…no wine and no beer, no old peoples’ homes, no children’s aid society, we had no crisis centres. We had a philosophy of life based on the Creator. We had our humanity.”


Mr. Solomon was the eldest of ten children born to a French Canadian mother and Ojibway father in the Killarney region of Georgian Bay, and attended Roman Catholic residential schools.

In the 1950s, he was asked to join the Nickel Belt Indian Club. It was from that time on that he began to explore the cultural heritage that he had been denied as a young man. Since then, he has advocated for the empowerment of Aboriginal people and communities. He was one of the first people to organize traditional arts and crafts marketing, providing northern artists with a vital economic opportunity by brokering their crafts to the southern native outlets.

Mr. Solomon has been the beacon of hope and inspiration to Aboriginal men and women in Canadian prisons, and through decades of perseverance, won the right to allow Aboriginal healing methods and traditional ceremonies in prisons. He is a strong supporter and a council member of the Leonard Peltier Defense Committee in Canada; a traditional drum that Mr. Solomon made will be presented to Peltier upon his release from prison.

Mr. Solomon has traveled throughout the world to promote peace among religions and cultures. His teachings frequently return to two principles – the necessity for a deeper understanding of Aboriginal traditional ways, and the need for relief of human suffering.

He has received many honours in recent years, including a number of honourary doctoral degrees. Perhaps his greatest honour is that his teachings of traditional Aboriginal ways and reverence for Mother Earth, which have for so long been respected in the Aboriginal world, are reaching non-Aboriginal people on a global level.



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Old 09-19-2009, 03:35 AM   #506
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UNREPENTANT

An award-winning documentary film, Unrepentant documents some of the history of Canada's genocide against its native peoples, in and out of residential schools. This is the heart-wrenching story of the toil of those peoples at the hands of the churches and the government, for the purpose of land theft and eugenics. This documentary also follows the personal history of Reverend Kevin Annett, formerly with the United Church, defrocked and socially outcast because of his brave exposure of the Indian toil. A must see.
You can also read Rev. Annett's work on the subject ('Hidden from History: Canadian Genocide', and 'Love and Death in the Valley') and visit these websites on the subject:
http://www.hiddenfromhistory.org/
http://canadiangenocide.nativeweb.org/index.html



part one of 11

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Old 09-19-2009, 03:45 AM   #507
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Lakota woman Joanne Tall describes the abuse she received
as a 12 year old girl in a "christian" boarding school.



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Old 09-19-2009, 03:51 AM   #508
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Old 09-19-2009, 03:56 AM   #509
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Old 09-19-2009, 03:57 AM   #510
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Old 09-19-2009, 04:40 AM   #511
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Irene Favel describes in a CBC interview (July 8, 2008) how she witnessed the murder of a baby by staff at the Muskowekwan Indian Residential School, run by the Roman Catholic Church in Lestock, Saskatchewan.

This segment of the interview is no longer available on the CBC archives.

(Sorry about the shoddy visual quality and the camera moving away from the screen. I'm uploading it anyway because of the importance of what this woman describes: deliberate murder at a residential school, something that has never gone to any court in Canada and yet something that has been recounted by hundreds of survivors. The lawyers won't go there as it implicates the Crown, whom they are sworn to defend above all...)

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Old 09-19-2009, 04:44 AM   #512
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Old 09-19-2009, 10:01 AM   #513
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Day, in his most famous work "Simulacra and Simulation", the French postmodernistic philosopher Jean Baudrillard has a passage about the today`s manipulative approach toward the Native People in US. He is using this explanation as another proof of destroying the reality with replacing it with simulated one...which exists only in The System`s propaganda.
Let it be noticed that "Simulacra and Simulation" was used as one of the basic philosophical cores of "The Matrix" movie. (Remember "This is the desert of reality", Morpheus said to Neo. This is was direct quotation of Baudrillard).

Here is the passage about the Native People from Baudrillard`s book:

“So, the Americans are proud that they bring back the number of the Indians as it was before the conquering. Everything is wiped and everything starts from the beginning. They want to make even more and to surpass the original number. This would be a proof of the superiority of the civilization: it will produce more Indians than the Indians could produce by themselves. (Sad irony, this overproduction is just another way they to be destroyed, because the Indian culture, as every tribe culture, is based over the limitation of the number of the members of the group and over the refusing of any “free growth”. So, their demographic “promotion” represents only another step forward in their extermination”.


Love & Respect

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Old 09-19-2009, 12:41 PM   #514
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Native people are aware of this - However.....we have a long history of survival, remembering and those of us who effort to keep the teachings pure for our future generations.

If one is go through this thread, they will find our Elders and medicine people who carried our prophecies about this time.

we know we will survive. It's interesting to note, that at this time, it is not only native people who face these issues but indeed many other cultures.

love and respect for you too

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Old 09-19-2009, 03:41 PM   #515
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Timeline of Residential Schools

Prior to 1840's

There was no educational policy as the government had little interest in the education of Natives. There were, however, a handful of schools run by representatives of missionary organizations, and a few boarding schools were established in Ontario. The schools were supervised by ill-trained and poorly paid missionaries. Last on their list of priorities was addressing the low attendance and academic progress of their Native students.

The residential school had been contrived specifically to enable missionaries to meddle with the character formation and identity of Native children even though the parents had stressed repeatedly that they wanted education, not assimilation.




Bagot Commission set up in 1842 by Governor Sir Charles Bagot

He asserted "after a two-year review of reserve conditions, that communities were get only in a "half-civilized state." (Report of the Affairs of Indians in Canada, Journals of the Legislate assembly on the Province of Canada, 1844) - taken from John Milloy's, A National Crime, pg. 12.

"The Bagot Commission began the formulations that brought forward the assimilative policy and eventually the residential school system. The central rationale of the Commission's findings was that further progress by communities would be realized only if the civilizing system was amended to imbue Aboriginal people with the primarily characteristics of civilization: industry and knowledge." Milloy, pg. 13.



1844

"Bagot Commission published their recommendations with two very influential supporters of residential education. Lord Elgin, the "Father of Responsible Government,...The Reverend Egerton Ryerson, the Superintendent of Education for Upper Canada." (Milloy, pg. 15)

First residential schools opened in Upper Canada (Ontario). The federal government became involved after the results of the results of the Bagot Commission of 1842 were published, and the Gradual Civilization Act of 1857 was enacted. These documents paved the way for the establishment of government funded schools that would teach the Natives English and hopefully eliminate the Native culture.



1847


"There is a need to raise the Indians to the level of the whites...and take control of land out of Indians hands. The Indian must remain under the control of the Federal Crown rather than provincial authority, that effort to Christianize the Indians and settle them in communities be continued,....that schools, preferably manual labour ones, be established under the guidance of missionaries....Their education must consist not merely training of the mind, but of a weaning from the habits and feelings of their ancestors, and the acquirements of the language, art and customs of civilized life."

(Excerpt from a report on the study of Native education commissioned by the Assistant Superintendent General of Indian Affairs. It would form the basis for future directions in policy for Indian education and how the residential schools were to be run in Ontario.)

NOTE: Although the report containing the above quote appears to be common knowledge, there does not seem to be an actual publication of it. Even the Ryerson University archives does not have it. If any gentle reader can offer enlightenment, send an email.





1857

Gradual Civilization Act applied to all Indians in the Province of Canada; they were an affirmation of legislative control over Indians. The legislation stated it was shouldering the responsibility and authority to define who was an Indian as a preliminary to making it feasible for the Indian to cease being an Indian. Part of the process was forcing Native children into government-run schools.





1876


The Indian Act gave further responsibility to the federal government for Native education.



1883


Canadian Federal Government builds RESIDENTIAL SCHOOLS also called Industrial Schools far away from reserves to ensure children would be educated in European ways, without parental or cultural influence - Sir Hector Langevin preaches that, "if these schools are to succeed [in terms of integration] we must not place them too near the bands; in order to educate the children properly we must separate them from their families." (J. Ennamorato, Sing the Brave Song, pg. 47).




1879

“Kill the Indian and Save the Man,” was the motto coined by Captain Richard Henry Pratt, who founded the first Native American Boarding School, Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania and was the architect of Native education and federal Native policy. The purpose of the Native American Boarding schools was to assimilate Native American children into the American culture by placing them in institutions where they were forced to reject their Native American culture.

There was considerable denominational rivalry among the Anglican, Catholic, Methodist and Presbyterian churches. One Anglican referred to the Ojibwa as biased: "Their prejudices are so much warped in favour of the Catholics....they received the crucifix, beads and other mummeries...[and] instead of the gospel...they pray in the same manner as they formerly did to their medicine bags." (J. Ennamorato, Sing the Brave Song, Pg. 73)




Mid 1880's

REMOVING Native children from the home and villages to be instructed in Christianity is now well established. More often than not children were kidnapped without the knowledge of the parents. The bulk of the so-called educational experience in the schools, however, was manual labour rather than scholastic. Children worked mostly in the fields, laundries or shops (a concept borrowed from the United States Residential School system) and barely had a grade six education by the time they were released.

Sexual perversions of the most heinous kinds at the hands of priests and nuns were commonplace, spiritually and emotionally damaging generations of Native children. We are still paying for these atrocities to the present day with family and substance abuse five times the national average.


1892

An order-in-council was passed in 1892 announcing the regulations for the operation of residential schools. It set up a grant arrangement stating that the government would give $110-$145 per student per year to the church-run schools and $72 per student in the day schools. Little of this money actually went into hiring competent, compassionate and literate teachers.









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Old 09-19-2009, 04:00 PM   #516
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Timeline cont'


1910

Ontario Public School History of Canada: "All Indians were superstitious, having strange ideas about nature. They thought that birds, beasts....were like men. Thus an Indian has been known to make a long speech of apology to a wounded bear. Such were the people whom the pioneers of our own race found lording it over the North American continent – this untamed savage of the forest who could not bring himself to submit to the restraints of European life."




1914-1918

New amendments to the Indian Act which made it easier for the government to obtain convictions for "spiritual mis-behaviour.



1931

Number of Schools peaks: Eighty schools: one in Nova Scotia, thirteen in Ontario, ten in Manitoba, fourteen in Saskatchewan, twenty in Alberta, sixteen in British Columbia, four in the Northwest Territories, and two in the Yukon. In addition, two schools are planned for Quebec.

Note: Many residential schools were built on flat land and in remote areas (prairies) making escape difficult; children could be seen for miles, hunted down and brought back by the Indian Agents.




1940's

8,000 Indian children, half the student population were enrolled in seventy-six residential schools across the country. In 1930, three-quarters of Indian students were in grades one to three, and only three in every hundred students progressed past grade six.

Students were discouraged by school officials to go on to higher grades and were often ordered out of the school by age sixteen. At a residential school in northwestern Ontario, a federal inspector admonished the administrator for offering grades nine, by saying, "If we let the Indian people go to grade nine then they’ll want to go to grade ten, and then they’ll want to go to university, that’s what we don’t want."




Education of Girls

Girls were educated because it was thought that if Native male residential school graduates married unschooled Native females they would simply revert back to their prior ‘heathenism’. (Also called, 'The Blame it on Eve for Everything Syndrome!')





Late 1950's


Focus begins to shift. Understatement of the century: Residential schools were not accomplishing their purpose of cultural assimilation and some thought that the Natives should not be taught to compete with whites but should be taught to make a living on the reserve. The DIA begins to phase out the residential schools because they realized a new approach was needed towards Natives. Drug and alcohol abuse were on the rise and were directly attributed to the appalling conditions, sexual abuse and slavery endured by Native captives.
Focus




1990

Last federally-operated residential school is closed (Akaitcho Hall in Yellowknife). It is estimated that more than 100,000 Native children aged six and up attended the national network of residential schools from 1930 until the last one closed.
Last



1993

There are seven residential schools remaining, all of them administered by bands.




1990's

More than 4,500 lawsuits have been launched representing at least 9,000 claimants who allege physical or sexual abuse in the now defunct schools run by Catholic, Anglican, United and Presbyterian church groups for the government. The suits threaten the financial viability of some of the Churches. For example:

"Government and Church organizations, including the St. Paul Diocese, are facing up to $195 million in damages in lawsuits filed on behalf of 230 former Native students of the Blue Quills Residential School.

The suit also names the Oblates, the Grey Nuns, the Attorney General of Canada and the Roman Catholic Church as defendants. It alleges that the Native people suffered abuse and, "brutal, inhumane and cruel treatment" while they were students at the school in St. Paul.

While many of the allegations contained in the court documents are of a general nature, more than 20 individuals, both lay and religious, are named in connection with specific allegations." By Jay Charland, Staff Writer Edmonton.



1993 -
August 8

APOLOGY


Anglican Archbishop Michael Peers tells nearly 150 Native people gathered for the Anglican Church's second National Native Convocation that he apologizes for residential school atrocities committed by the Church and for the "pain and hurt" experienced in church-run residential schools. "I have felt shame and humiliation as I have heard of suffering inflicted by my people, and as I think of the part our church played in that suffering." The apology was accepted by Native Elders.


1996

The Royal Commission Report on Aboriginal People is released. It is a far-reaching, comprehensive message of reconciliation between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples in Canada. Part of the breakdown in this relationship, is described in the RCAP report as the cultural superiority and policy of assimilation that finds expression in the Indian Residential Schools. The report is a sweeping condemnation of the attitudes and behaviour of the federal government. It suggests major reforms which to this day have been largely ignored by the Federal Government.

Very little of this report was acted on despite intense lobbying by Native groups.



January 8, 1998

LET'S RECONCILE! Canadian Government





The Canadian Government through the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs apologized to the country's 1.5 million Indigenous people for decades of mistreatment that include attempts to stamp out Native culture and assimilate Indians and mixed race people. Minister of Indian Affairs Jane Stewart reads a ''Statement of Reconciliation'' that acknowledges the damage done to the Native population - including the hanging of Louis Riel after he led a rebellion of Indian and mixed-race people in western Canada in 1885. The government apology stops short of pardoning Riel, something Indigenous leaders have demanded for decades. Stewart does, however, apologize for the government's assimilation policies.

''Attitudes of racial and cultural superiority led to a suppression of aboriginal culture and values," she says. ''As a country, we are burdened by past actions that resulted in weakening the identity of aboriginal peoples, suppressing their languages and cultures, and outlawing spiritual practices.

We must recognize the impact of these actions on the once self-sustaining nations that were dis-aggregated, disrupted, limited or even destroyed by the dispossession of traditional territory, by the relocation of aboriginal people, and by some provisions of the Indian Act. The time has come to state formally that the days of paternalism and disrespect are behind us and we are committed to changing the nature of the relationship between aboriginal and non-aboriginal people in Canada.''

A $350 million dollar Healing Fund is created. Most First Nations do not believed that this sum is anywhere close to compensating them for the damage to Native societies; the money does not include off-reserve Natives, Inuit or Métis. To date little of the money has found its way into the hands of the survivors.

NOTE: Although it was referred to as Canada Apologizes, the apology was not given by the chief representative of the government, the Prime Minister. This is significant. If he had, it would have been an admission of culpability and the lawsuit settlements would have skyrocketed. Money? The hearts and healing of the Original People? Money? The hearts and healing of the Original People? - Money won.



1998 - APOLOGY from the United Church of Canada



From the deepest reaches of your memories, you have shared with us your stories of suffering from our church's involvement in the operation of Indian Residential Schools. You have shared the personal and historic pain that you still bear, and you have been vulnerable yet again. You have also shared with us your strength and wisdom born of the life-giving dignity of your communities and traditions and your stories of survival.

In response to our church's commitment to repentance, I spoke these words of apology on behalf of the General Council Executive on Tuesday, October 27, 1998:

"As Moderator of The United Church of Canada, I wish to speak the words that many people have wanted to hear for a very long time. On behalf of The United Church of Canada, I apologize for the pain and suffering that our church's involvement in the Indian Residential School system has caused. We are aware of some of the damage that this cruel and ill-conceived system of assimilation has perpetrated on Canada's First Nations peoples. For this we are truly and most humbly sorry.

To those individuals who were physically, sexually, and mentally abused as students of the Indian Residential Schools in which The United Church of Canada was involved, I offer you our most sincere apology. You did nothing wrong. You were and are the victims of evil acts that cannot under any circumstances be justified or excused. We know that many within our church will still not understand why each of us must bear the scar, the blame for this horrendous period in Canadian history. But the truth is, we are the bearers of many blessings from our ancestors, and therefore, we must also bear their burdens."

Our burdens include dishonouring the depths of the struggles of First Nations peoples and the richness of your gifts. We seek God's forgiveness and healing grace as we take steps toward building respectful, compassionate, and loving relationships with First Nations peoples. We are in the midst of a long and painful journey as we reflect on the cries that we did not or would not hear, and how we have behaved as a church. As we travel this difficult road of repentance, reconciliation, and healing, we commit ourselves to work toward ensuring that we will never again use our power as a church to hurt others with attitudes of racial and spiritual superiority.

We pray that you will hear the sincerity of our words today and that you will witness the living out of our apology in our actions in the future."

The Right Rev. Bill Phipps
Moderator of The United Church of Canada



10 July 1999 -
Front page of the Globe and Mail,
Erin Anderssen, Reportee


Lawyers swoop to cash in on Native claims
Leaders worry the suffering of residential-school victims is exploited by fees as high as 40 per cent of awards

Article is about how "Residential-school claims have become a burgeoning industry for Canada's legal profession, with a lot of money to be made" specifically the article deals with the Peigan First Nation... the article continues on A7 under the title: "Some lawyers cashing in, native say", the article says that the Law Society of Saskatchewan has passed a new ruling

"...that prevents its members from holding meetings in communities unless they are invited by prospective clients, and requires them to mark all documents sent to solicit business as "advertising material." ... and forbids lawyers to settle fee arrangements until they meet with each client




May 28, 2000 -
Anglican Church



Archbishop Michael Peers issues a pastoral letter: "Resulting from abuse in the residential schools there are over 1,600 claims of varying kinds brought against the General Synod of the Anglican Church of Canada. About one hundred cases involve proven abuse of children, with the perpetrators given prison sentences. The costs of litigation and settlements for these alone is sufficient to exhaust all the assets of the General Synod and of some dioceses involved." The Anglican Church may have to declare bankruptcy. Not going to happen as a result of a deal struck between the Church and the State which limites the amount of compensation to survivors!



--------------------------------------------------------------------





March, 2001 - Federal government names The General Synod of the Anglican Church by third party action in 386 residential school cases. Similarly, the government also involves a number of Roman Catholic dioceses in residential school abuse trials, even though residential schools were operated by separately incorporated Orders within the church.

August, 2001 - Assembly of First Nations Chief Matthew Coon Come attended the United Nations World Conference Against Racism in South Africa. He embarrassed the Canadian government by telling delegates of the hundreds of years of suffering Native people have experienced at the hands of the Canadian government. Unrepentant Coon Come says, "I was not there to paint a rosy picture. That is not my job." Six weeks later, in retaliation, DIAND Minister, Robert Nault slashed the AFNs budget from twenty-one million dollars to ten million dollars, causing the layoff of over seventy employees. Matthew Coon Come is no longer a hero to the federal liberals.

2002 - The Presbyterian Church and the federal government have agreed to terms that limit the church's liability for residential lawsuits to $2.1 million. The agreement paves the way for settling outstanding claims by former students who were abused.




WASHINGTON APOLOGIZES
September 9, 2000




The head of the Federal Bureau of Indian Affairs formally apologized yesterday for the agency's "legacy of racism and inhumanity" that included massacres, relocations and the destruction of Indian languages and cultures.

‘By accepting this legacy, we accept also the moral responsibility of putting things right," Kevin Over, a Pawnee Indian, said in an emotional speech marking the agency's 175th anniversary.

With tears in his eyes, Mr. Over apologized on behalf of the BIA, but not the federal government as a whole. He is the highest-ranking U.S. official ever to make such a statement regarding the treatment of American Indians. "This agency participated in the ethnic cleansing that befell the Western tribes," he said. "This agency set out to destroy all things Indian. The legacy of these misdeeds haunts us."

The President did not apologize, and in terms of cold hard cash resulting from lawsuits this is also significant.





2002 - March -
"They are waiting for us to die."



Government officials say they are moving faster to compensate those abused in Indian residential schools, but critics warn victims caught in a sluggish process are dying off.

Gabe Mentuck, 73, said his claim has dragged on for six years and he charged the government is "just waiting for us to die." He is claiming compensation for abuse that occurred at the Pine Creek Residential School in northern Manitoba in the 1940s.


2006

Note: the recent apology by Prime Minister Harper to the Chinese Canadians (June 22, 2006) as a result of the racist head-tax imposed on them was timed when there are so very few survivors left. The head-tax was levied against almost 9,000 Chinese, now there are less than 20 still alive. One cannot help but conclude that much the same cynicism is being levied against Native residential school survivors.


2007

INDIAN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT (INRSSA)

This was the largest class action case in Canada's History. The Settlement Agreement received Court approval on March 21, 2007 with the full support of all parties involved: Government of Canada, Legal Counsel for former students; Legal Counsel for Churches, and the Assembly of First Nations. For details keep reading.

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Old 09-19-2009, 04:21 PM   #517
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INDIAN RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT (INRSSA):
THE PAINFUL STORY COMES TO A LEGAL END


March 21, 2007

Mary Moonias



This was the largest class action case in Canada's History. The Settlement Agreement received Court approval on March 21, 2007 with the full support of all parties involved: Government of Canada, Legal Counsel for former students; Legal Counsel for Churches, and the Assembly of First Nations.

The opt-out period ran for 150 days ensuring that those affected by the INRSSA were informed of the components of the Agreement and how their legal rights may be affected. Approximately 340 former students opted out.

Implementation began September 19, 2007 and includes the following:

*

Common Experience Payment (CEP) to be paid to all eligible former students who resided at a recognized Residential School. This is a lump sum payment that recognizes the Residential School experience resulted in loss of culture, language, etc. Upon verification each person will receive $10,000 for the first year or part thereof and an additional $3,000.00 for each subsequent year or partial thereof. Average payment is estimated to be $28,000. Former Students can submit applications: to a centralized processing centre; to receive the application packaged, call: 1-866-699-1742; TTY 1-800-926-9105. Payment can be by cheque or direct deposit. Former students DO NOT NEED copies of their school records to apply for the CEP.
*

Independent Assessment Process (IAP) is an adjudicative process which provides individuals with compensation for sexual and physical abuse. legal advice is recommended before proceeding. $960 million has been allocated to pay for claims settled under IAP. Maximum payment is $275,000. Actual income loss may be compensated up to a maximum of $250,000. IMPORTANT NOTE: Former students can apply for both IAP and CEP.
*

Establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
*

Indian Residential Support Health System is a $96 million to support emotional health and wellness services. If eligible to receive CEP, you are eligible for the health services which includes the following: Professional counselling services; Assistance with cost of transportation to counselling services and/or Elders not in home community; Emotional support provided by Resolution Health Support Workers; Cultural support provided by Elders.
*

The list of one hundred and thirty (130) recognized Residential Schools is available at: www.residentialschoolsettlement.ca
*

If a residential school is not on the list it may be added if it meets the criteria.

NOTE: The first payment was made to Mary Moonias, a teacher from the Louis Bull First Nation in Alberta on October 4, 2007.

She spent ten years in a residential school.

Upon receiving the payment she said: "Let's celebrate that were here, that we survived . Let's learn to talk about our pain and move on. I want my people to move on."

This legal conclusion, opens the way for an official apology from the Prime Minister of Canada, June 11, 2008.






April 10, 2008

More details:




Press Statement: April 10, 2008
Mass Graves of Residential School Children Identified –
Independent Inquiry Launched



"We are gathered today to publicly disclose the location of twenty eight mass graves of children who died in Indian Residential Schools across Canada , and to announce the formation of an independent, non-governmental inquiry into the death and disappearance of children in these schools.We estimate that there are hundreds, and possibly thousands, of children buried in these grave sites alone.

The Catholic, Anglican and United Church , and the government of Canada, operated the schools and hospitals where these mass graves are located. We therefore hold these institutions and their officers legally responsible and liable for the deaths of these children.

We have no confidence that the very institutions of church and state that are responsible for these deaths can conduct any kind of impartial or real inquiry into them. Accordingly, as of April 15, 2008, we are establishing an independent, non-governmental inquiry into the death and disappearance of Indian residential school children across Canada .Thhis inquiry shall be known as The International Human Rights Tribunal into Genocide in Canada (IHRTGC), and is established under the authority of the following hereditary chiefs, who shall serve as presiding judges of the Tribunal:

Hereditary Chief Kiapilano of the Squamish Nation
Chief Louis Daniels (Whispers Wind), Anishinabe Nation Chief Svnoyi Wohali (Night Eagle), Cherokee Nation
Lillian Shirt, Clan Mother, Cree Nation
Elder Ernie Sandy, Anishinabe (Ojibway) Nation
Hereditary Chief Steve Sampson, Chemainus Nation
Ambassador Chief Red Jacket of Turtle Island

More Details

http://www.hiddenfromhistory.org



JUNE 11, 2008




FINALLY, PRIME MINISTER HARPER ON BEHALF OF THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT OFFERS A FULL APOLOGY!
As is expected, the apology receives a mixed reception from the Indigenous victims. Overall, however, it is agreed that the apology which was a long time in coming, was needed in order to help with the healing process.

The Catholic Church, the biggest religious perpetrator has never apologized!

As the Dene Elders say, "Tomorrow will be better."




http://www.shannonthunderbird.com/re...al_schools.htm

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Old 09-19-2009, 04:23 PM   #518
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Old 09-19-2009, 04:36 PM   #519
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Default Re: Pineal Gland Awakening: Star Nations Teachings

Several years ago, I had a dream of the future.

I remember going to sleep that night and my spirit flew in a different
direction. I came to a time on the earth after the earth changes. I do
not know the date.

I went to see a young man, very keen in a futuristic technology
(for us now) who was working in a tower like structure. He was in
contact with everyone else on the planet in a similar structure and they
were communicating on the health of our Earth. Their technology was
cleaning the air, water, soil of Mother Earth

Each person was entirely,completely happy and spirit filled. I as a
native woman was treated with respect as I respectfully acknowledged
each young man who are doing such a valuable job. The earths atmosphere
had been cleaned up, and one could drink out of springs and rivers. The
young man showed me on his monitors how we could see any part of the
earth and be able to measure the data of anything needed. I was then
shown how the needs of people were also cared for in this way. It was not
to spy, but used in a moral, ethical manner.

I left the tower to go to a tarmac where a type of aircraft waited. From
there I was shown the state of the planet and we came to a park. I got out
to wander with the people at this park.

It was unusual in that, portions of the park had buildings, portions of
highways that were left as they were so that families could come and
instruct their children (who had been born during a wonderful time after
the changes) about the way of life as was- what we live today.

Animals roamed freely with people. Animals were no longer aggressive or
fearful of humans - and we were deeply in harmony with them.

I will never forget the clean air, pure water, loving families that I saw.
People did look different than today, better, no racial conflict. There was a
common understanding among mankind across the globe. There was no
money, everything was free. No one had want for anything. Each person did
their fair share and more because no one was focused on self only. We had
embraced our spirit completely and had outgrown the ego paradigm.

The purity of life, love,, spirit, and what, who are - what people today are
focusing on for our future had become a reality.

For this reason, I know we will survive. endure, learn, honor our spirit and
each other not from race to race, but as one global family.


Today I remember this journey to the future - a gift from the Creator, to
share with any who might be interested.

All I do today is for this time in our future - knowing that in my small way
each person who does what they can, the best they can is doing exactly as
they are meant to .

I honor your journey
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Old 09-19-2009, 06:40 PM   #520
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Default Re: Pineal Gland Awakening: Star Nations Teachings

When I posted my dream to share I realized that my journey
sharing the teachings on this thread is finished.

I believe in what I saw of the future ...and when we have come
through the changes we will know we have survived.

Doyu Gayvlietsehi Unalanahi
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Old 09-19-2009, 06:56 PM   #521
Oliver
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Default Re: Pineal Gland Awakening: Star Nations Teachings

Your dream is our dream, too, Day.
Let the great spirits of your people be always with you.
Freedom will come!

Love and Respect.



Last edited by Oliver; 09-19-2009 at 06:58 PM.
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Old 09-19-2009, 08:39 PM   #522
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Default Re: Pineal Gland Awakening: Star Nations Teachings

Day, thank you for sharing your dream...deep in my heart I know that I've lived once in a world you described above, it feels so familiar...and more then ever I know now, that we're heading that way again...

Your spiritual journey may've ended here on Avalon, but you're not finished yet...our paths may've crossed for a while here on earth, but we're united somewhere else, "forever"...whatever "forever" may mean...

with and respect
malletzky

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Old 09-21-2009, 06:50 PM   #523
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Default Re: Pineal Gland Awakening: Star Nations Teachings

I honor your journey too day and I honor your wonderfull dream.
I share with you a vision of a world where peace and harmony prevails
and all men live from their heart always.
You have layed down the stepping stones of a road that can now be travelled safely.
Thank you for all the wisdom you shared .

Love and respect from me always
mudra
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Old 09-28-2009, 11:07 AM   #524
Oliver
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Default Re: Pineal Gland Awakening: Star Nations Teachings

The great chief Geronimo. Deep bow from my heart for this man.

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Old 10-01-2009, 01:03 AM   #525
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