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Thread: Human Psychophysiology Is Influenced by Low-Level Magnetic Fields: Solar Activity as the Cause (study)

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    Avalon Member mountain_jim's Avatar
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    Default Human Psychophysiology Is Influenced by Low-Level Magnetic Fields: Solar Activity as the Cause (study)

    Cliff's telegram is where I saw this link.. was not sure where an existing thread covered - can move if appropriate, obviously.


    Quote Human Psychophysiology Is Influenced by Low-Level Magnetic Fields: Solar Activity as the Cause

    Department of Theoretical and Experimental Electrical Engineering, Brno University of Technology, 616 00 Brno, Czech Republic
    Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Letter, Catholic University in Ružomberok, 034 01 Ružomberok, Slovakia
    Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
    Academic Editors: Panagiota Preka-Papadema and Chris G. Tzanis
    Atmosphere 2021, 12(12), 1600; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos12121600 (registering DOI)
    Received: 30 October 2021 / Revised: 19 November 2021 / Accepted: 29 November 2021 / Published: 30 November 2021

    (This article belongs to the Special Issue The Effect of Helio-Geomagnetic Activity in the Geo-Environment and by Extension to Human Health)


    We evaluate the impact of changes in solar activity on three significant human psychophysiological parameters: skin conductance, electromyography (EMG), and the share of abdominal and diaphragmatic breathing in overall ventilation. Variations affecting human psychophysiology due to changes in solar activity directly document the assertion that psychology, behavior, and decision-making all reflect geomagnetic field alterations that stem from variable solar activity. The relevant experiments showed that solar processes, during which the Earth is exposed to electrically charged particles from the Sun (solar wind), exert an impact on the psychophysiological parameters of the body.
    Keywords: BioGraph Infiniti; skin resistance; abdominal/diaphragmatic breathing; EMG

    1. Introduction
    This article outlines the data and knowledge obtained from experiments centered on the low-level magnetic fields that emerge through solar activity variations and affect geomagnetic stability [1]. The concept and interpretations of the research are closely described in relevant references [2,3,4,5,6]. In general terms, the interdisciplinary research examines those psychophysiological and other measurable human parameters which may change due to solar activity-induced processes in low-level (low-frequency) magnetic fields. The subdisciplines and problems involved range within, above all, physics, medicine, electro- and geomagnetism, atmospheric science, and cosmic meteorology [1].
    Regarding low-level magnetic fields, these comprise low-frequency fields at f = 0.01–3 kHz within the following bands: the ultra low frequency (ULF) region, fu = 300 Hz–3 kHz; the super low frequency (SLF) region, fslf = 30–300 Hz; and the extremely low frequency (ELF) region, fel = 0.1–30 Hz [7].
    The above frequency bands are enshrined in relevant regulations issued by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) [8]; in these documents, however, the boundary values of the amplitudes are markedly higher, such as the 50 mT in Blim. The value defines the maximum change of the magnetic flux within a field having the frequency of f = 1 Hz, assuming the presence of persons in this type of environment. Problematically, however, the Blim boundary value multiple times exceeds the values measured to date in atmospheric magnetic field changes arising from solar eruptions and their consequences, i.e., geomagnetic storms [9].
    In the presented context, we discuss the impacts of low-level fields induced by solar activity variations on some of the parameters characterizing or found in a healthy individual, these parameters being skin resistance, Rs; muscular contractions, Ds; and the proportion of thoracic breathing to diaphragmatic respiration, Ot-d.
    The evaluation of the experiments as set out in [2,3] consisted in determining whether and, possibly, to what extent solar activity variations affect the measurable parameters of the mental and psychophysiological stability of the human body.
    Importantly, the conclusions made after the completion of the individual research phases have been related to the assumed or proved impacts of solar activity variations on human health, exploiting an analysis of human behavior in stress situations; such moments induce behavior at which we can observe changes in the measurable and/or quantifiable psychophysiological parameters of the human body, including human body parameters such as the heart rate or breathing frequencies, skin resistance, body temperature, and muscular contractions. In the research specified within [4,5,6], the stress on the participants was generated by using the Stroop color test [10] and a mathematical task (subtracting the number 7 from 1071), the evaluated factors being the overall correctness and the time to achieve the result. Each of these stress states, tz, lasted two minutes and had been designed to simulate the standard load on a human organism during regular daily life situations. The total time to measure a respondent equaled Tsumr = 19 min; the procedure comprised three rest (or relaxation) stages, each lasting Trel = 5 min, and two stress phases, tz, separated from one another by the rest ones. Expectably, the experiments showed that individuals with higher levels of psychophysiological lability are more prone to reflecting variation in the intensity of solar activities, such variation manifesting itself especially through altered skin resistance and respiration frequency, together with more frequent transitions from diaphragmatic breathing into the thoracic type. Another notable effect that arises from the psychophysiological shift rests in more frequent muscular contractions in labile persons [4,5,6].
    The total numbers of respondents related to the count of stress load measurements are indicated in Table 1. The eventual set of participants was comparatively narrow, as we had intended the recruitment to yield a homogeneous sample of persons aged 18 to 25. These individuals, all affiliated with the Brno-based University of Defence, had to pass demanding entrance tests to fit our purposes; the testing focused on physical and mental resilience. The value of 210 in Table 1 expresses the total number of measurement cycles.

    Table 1. The counts of measurements completed and respondents involved [3].

    <table not included here >

    The outcomes of the experiment, which started on 22 April 2014 and continued until 26 June 2014, were eventually correlated with the solar activity intensity data measured by NASA and NOAA in the same period [11]. During the two months, we relied on NASA-produced TXT files capturing the activity between 1874 and the year of the research. In these files, the daily collected details referred especially to the number of sunspots. At present, solar wind data can be shared via, for instance, the website https://omniweb.gsfc.nasa.gov/ (accessed on 30 November 2021).
    After completing the above input stages, we compared the stress load and human behavior-related information in the social context, targeting a different set of subjects from within the general population; the actual comparison was performed by utilizing socioeconomic indexes such as the DJIA [12] and the S&P 500 [13]. From the perspective of our research, the indexes represent human economic behavior (and its social dimension) on capital markets, where the decision-making involves high stress loads and responsibility rates. Interestingly, the parameter processing results reflect variations in the intensity of solar activity. The risk-based behavior of an investor can be characterized as emotional, influenced by investment psychosis. Overall, capital markets are considered a zone where emotions prevail over pragmatism [14]. In psychophysiological terms, emotions embody a measurable indicator, especially as regards evaluating the patterns and alterations in skin resistance, Rs. The measurability of emotions finds application also in other fields, such as data verification and polygraph interrogations [15]. Further, skin resistance variations are evaluated to provide psychophysiological biofeedback [16], which facilitates practicing human concentration skills and allows sensing responses to external stimuli that induce emotional processes; the stimuli and responses are, most often, visual or audial.
    The experiment and its transposition into the social sphere enabled us to search responses to the following crucial questions:
    Is human psychophysiology influenced by changes in solar activity?
    Do solar activity variations embody a major factor affecting human mental states, behavior, and decision-making?
    To consider and analyze these issues, we employed the methodology below.



    In the context of this article, the primary experimental research of low-level electromagnetic fields showed that geomagnetic field alterations generated by solar eruptions affect numerous psychophysiological factors. A deeper insight into the role and importance of such changes enables human beings to integrate themselves socially and to interact successfully with other individuals while the overall impact on the negative personal and environmental parameters is minimized. Such parameters include, above all, mental, behavioral, and decision-making shifts that are measurable by means of relevant psychophysiological indicators interpreted in relation to the variability of low-level magnetic fields. The observed field variations were demonstrably induced by geomagnetic processes in the environment, or, by another definition, geomagnetic storms arising from altered solar activity. The parameters and solar wind intensity were subjected to comprehensive evaluation.
    As regards the preformulated hypotheses, we reached the following conclusions:
    The hypothesis H0, “low-level magnetic fields generated through solar activity exert a negative impact on human beings, influencing their behavior and decision-making”, was confirmed via the applied method.

    The hypothesis H1, “there is a significant interaction of the human low-level magnetic and electromagnetic fields on the one hand and geomagnetic variation-induced low-level magnetic fields on the other”, remains to be expanded and supported with further investigation, especially in terms of human brain waves and their interaction with the above-outlined external factors.
    The hypothesis H2, “solar activity, the resulting geomagnetic storms, and economic behavior and decision-making are directly interrelated”, was also confirmed via the applied method.
    Follow-up experiments are planned to sense human EEG activities and to determine how they correlate with low-level electromagnetic fields.

    The knowledge and skills acquired during the project are of fundamental significance for risk predictability and elimination within multiple fields and subsectors, such as social science, economics, marketing, medicine, transportation, and various industries.

    < more at link >
    Last edited by mountain_jim; 6th December 2021 at 17:55.
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    Default Re: Human Psychophysiology Is Influenced by Low-Level Magnetic Fields: Solar Activity as the Cause (study)

    Solar Flares and Migraine Headaches

    One observation linking GMA and migraines found that more severe migraine headaches are seen at hospitals on days with high levels of GMA. That means that when solar flares influence “active” or “stormy” levels of geomagnetic activity, doctors and nurses can prepare for patients with more serious migraine headaches to present themselves for treatment.

    The relationship of solar flares and migraine headaches is strong. It has been shown that there is significant correlation between the two. An interesting study of this correlation is given in the following article: Kuritzky, A., Y. Zoldan, R. Hering, E. Stoupel (1987). “Geomagnetic Activity

    and the Severity of the Migraine Attack”, Headache February 1987, pp 87-89.

    Stoupel, E., et al. (1989)

    Migraine headaches can be triggered by a variety of internal and external stimuli. For some migraineurs, it may be caffeine, chocolate, or red wine. For others, it might be stress or the let-down period that follows on the heels of stress. Many who suffer migraine headaches claim that weather is a major trigger for them. It might be a storm here on earth or solar flares, a storm on the sun. When they keep diaries, their migraine headaches enter the pages according to patterns of weather or solar flares.

    Possible but Unproven

    While researchers admit that there may well be a connection between solar flares and migraine headaches, the evidence is not yet clear. Of those who do keep migraine headache diaries,

    When Dr. Patricia B. Prince and her colleagues of Boston’s Children’s Hospital set out to examine the relationship between headache and weather, they found that patients often believed weather was triggering their migraines headaches. However, when patients kept migraine headache diaries, that was proven in only about 20 percent of cases. Dr. Prince and her team believe that at least some migraineurs, when searching their memories for a likely trigger, may “selectively recall only the attacks that support their prior beliefs.”

    This author read a personal account story on the Internet of an individual who was watching television one evening, having not the slightest hint of a migraine headache. The news anchor announced a forecast of intensified solar flares, and warned migraine headaches sufferers that solar flares and migraine headaches come hand in hand.

    “Sure enough,” the TV viewer wrote. “Shortly after that, I got a terrible solar flares migraine headache.”

    Conclusion of the Matter

    Solar flares have been proven to cause disturbances in the human body. There is no doubt of that. Whether or not solar flares cause migraine headaches is yet to be proven, but there is some evidence that they may be triggers for at least some individuals.

    The solution for you may be to pay close attention to your own sensitivity to solar flares. Keep a solar flares migraine headaches journal, recording the onset and duration of every headache. Do not keep track of solar flares that may be coming, as this may trigger self-fulfilling expectations of migraine headaches. After a headache is past, go back and check whether or not there were solar flares when it began. If you cannot trust yourself not to look ahead, have someone objective check the information for you.

    If you and your doctor pay close attention to your journal, it may help you prevent the onset of solar flare-related migraine headaches.


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    Default Re: Human Psychophysiology Is Influenced by Low-Level Magnetic Fields: Solar Activity as the Cause (study)

    I do know people who experience physical symptoms from solar storms and other earth related magnetic events (natural or otherwise). Thanks for providing that link to the paper--I noticed this many years ago, but have not seen scientists try to measure the phenomenon until now--good new aboust science expanding its realm of possibilities!

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